Alfred Lothar Wegener (1880–1930) was a German geophysicist and meteorologist.
His research focused mainly on meteorology and polar research, however he is most remembered as the originator of the theory of continental drift, i.e. that the continents are slowly drifting around the Earth.
His hypothesis was controversial and widely rejected by mainstream geology until the 1950s, when novel discoveries such as palaeomagnetism provided strong support for continental drift, which is the basis for today’s model of plate tectonics.
Third edition, originally published in 1924.